Fry-Jefferson Map

Settled at Jamestown in 1607 by the Virginia Company of London, Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the New World. General mismanagement resulted in Virginia's conversion into the English Empire's first royal colony in 1625, directly under control of the crown but with a provincial assembly, created in 1619, that governed most internal affairs. Shortly thereafter Virginia tobacco was granted a monopoly of the English market, which tied it more closely with England than any other colony. Consequently, with the notable exception of Bacon's Rebellion in 1676, Virginia earned the reputation it cemented in the eighteenth century as the most stable and loyal of any colony in the British Empire.

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